The deterioration of cutting tools plays a significant role in the progression of subtractive manufacturing and substantially affects the quality of machined parts. Recognising this most organisations have implemented conventional methods for tool management. These reduce the economic loss associated with time-dependent and stochastic tool wear, and limit the damage arising from tools at end-of life. However, significant costs still remain to be addressed and more development towards tool and process prognostics is desirable. In response, this work investigates process deterioration through the acquisition and processing of selected machine signals. This utilises the internal processor of a CNC Vertical Machining Centre and considers the possible applications of such an approach for the prediction of tool and process health. This paper considers the prediction of tool and process condition with a discussion of the assumptions, benefits, and limitations of such approaches. Furthermore, the efficacy of the approach is tested using the correlation between an offline measurement of part accuracy and an active measure of process variation.
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Cutting tool health, milling, existing machine architecture, investigation, tool condition monitoring, in-process monitoring
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