Experimental Assessment of a Broadband Vibration and Acoustic Emission Sensor for Rotorcraft Transmission Monitoring

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Published Jun 29, 2022
Cristobal Ruiz-Carcel Andrew Starr Arturo Francese

Abstract

Modern rotorcrafts rely on Health and Usage Monitoring Systems (HUMS) to enhance their availability, reliability, and safety. In those systems, data related to the health of key mechanical components is acquired, in addition to typical flight condition history data such as speed and torque. Commercial HUM systems usually rely on vibration measurements to assess the condition of shafts, gears, and bearings; using techniques such as spectral analysis, harmonic analysis, vibration trend and others. Recent research has shown that acoustic emissions (AE) can be advantageous in the detection of mechanical faults, in particular detecting very early small defects on bearings and gears, providing extra time for maintenance planning. However, the addition of extra sensors adds complexity and weight to the HUMS system, which is undesirable. This research is an experimental study to assess the monitoring capabilities of a broadband sensor, able to cover both low frequency vibration components as well as ultrasonic events, hence combining the benefits of both in a single compact sensing unit. The experimental results obtained from an instrumented rig using healthy components as well as seeded faults show the ability of the sensor to detect high frequency events, and compares the performance of the sensor in the low frequency range with a commercial accelerometer.

How to Cite

Ruiz-Carcel, C. ., Starr, A. ., & Francese, A. . (2022). Experimental Assessment of a Broadband Vibration and Acoustic Emission Sensor for Rotorcraft Transmission Monitoring. PHM Society European Conference, 7(1), 440–448. https://doi.org/10.36001/phme.2022.v7i1.3368
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Keywords

Health and Usage Monitoring Systems, Vibration signals, Acoustic emissions, Fault detection, Low frequency vibration

Section
Technical Papers