Experimental Validation of Multi-fidelity Models for Prognostics of Electromechanical Actuators

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Published Jun 29, 2022
Leonardo Baldo Pier Carlo Berri Matteo D. L. Dalla Vedova Paolo Maggiore

Abstract

The growing adoption of electrical energy as a secondary form of onboard power leads to an increase of electromechanical actuators (EMAs) use in aerospace applications. Therefore, innovative prognostic and diagnostic methodologies are becoming a fundamental tool to early identify faults propagation, prevent performance degradation, and ensure an acceptable level of safety and reliability of the system. Furthermore, prognostics entails further advantages, including a better ability to plan the maintenance of the various equipment, manage the warehouse and maintenance personnel, and a reduction in system management costs.

Frequently, such approaches require the development of typologies of numerical models capable of simulating the performance of the EMA with different levels of fidelity: monitoring models, suitably simplified to combine speed and accuracy with reduced computational costs, and high fidelity models (and high computational intensity), to generate databases, develop predictive algorithms and train machine learning surrogates. Because of this, the authors developed a high-fidelity multi-domain numerical model (HF) capable of accounting for a variety of physical phenomena and gradual failures in the EMA, as well as a low-fidelity counterpart (LF). This simplified model is derived by the HF and intended for monitoring applications. While maintaining a low computing cost, LF is fault sensitive and can simulate the system position, speed, and equivalent phase currents.

These models have been validated using a dedicated EMA test bench, designed and implemented by authors. The HF model can simulate the operation of the actuator in nominal conditions as well as in the presence of incipient mechanical faults, such as a variation in friction and an increase of backlash in the reduction gearbox.

Comparing the preliminary results highlights satisfactory consistency between the experimental test bench and the two numerical models proposed by the authors.

How to Cite

Baldo, L. ., Berri, P. C. ., Dalla Vedova, M. D. L. ., & Maggiore, P. . (2022). Experimental Validation of Multi-fidelity Models for Prognostics of Electromechanical Actuators. PHM Society European Conference, 7(1), 32–42. https://doi.org/10.36001/phme.2022.v7i1.3347
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Keywords

Prognostics, Electromechanical actuators, monitoring models, high-fidelity multi-domain numerical model, Experimental Validation

Section
Technical Papers