There has been an increasing demand on marine transportation and traveling, since the voyage of the ships are more economical and efficient than air or land-based alternatives. The propulsion of a ship is provided by a main engine system which includes the shaft, the propellers, and other auxiliary equipment. Marine diesel engine is a complex structure that the faults within these machines can cause malfunction of the whole system, which in turn inhibits the ship’s mission. It is crucial to monitor the engine and other auxiliary systems during the operation and infer their condition from their diagnostic data. In this study, we analyze monitoring data of a crude oil tanker for different ship loads and conditions. Our primary analysis includes main engine fault detection and classification for which we propose an end-to-end joint autoencoder-classifier model that contains a convolutional autoencoder, and a long-short term memory regressor connected to the latent space. Genetic algorithms optimized models gave us 93.61% accuracy for fault classification task. Further investigation on feature’s contributions to the model, we increased the accuracy up to 96%. One concern about marine transportation is the pollution of the air with greenhouse effect gases. In this study, we have developed NOx and SOx emission estimators for different faults and working conditions. Leveraging ship load, working conditions and engine faults in the models helped us to achieve 50% better estimation performance. Although there are other studies regarding gases emissions in the literature, this is the first study that took engine faults into account. We believe that the joint autoencoder-classifier model will be useful for other time series estimation task on other domains, especially where the operating condition plays a role in the process.
How to Cite
Fault detection, Fault classification, Autoencoder-Classifier model, Diesel Engine
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