Anomaly detection of propulsion system of spacecrafts with Light GBM

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Published Sep 4, 2023
Shota Iino Hideki Nomoto Takayuki Hirose Yasutaka Michiura Go Fujii Takashi Uchiyama

Abstract

Future spacecrafts require robust operations for long-term missions to the Moon or Mars. Automatic anomaly detection with machine learning, in this context, plays a significant role because it enables early symptom detection and proactive redundant switching which preserves components in the long mission. In this research, we adopted Light GBM, one of the machine learning models, to investigate such anomaly. We especially focused on the telemetry data of propulsion system of H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV) to resolve typical problems of deep-space mission spacecrafts, a thruster failure. The data was collected from multiple types of thruster maneuvers performed at simulator training. The results showed the effectiveness of the proposed method.  

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Keywords

anomaly detection, safety, aerospace, propulsion, robustness, machine learning

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Section
Special Session Papers